Your baby will hit an amazing amount of developmental milestones in the first 3 months. Sometimes it can be worrying when you see other babies able to do things that your baby isn’t doing yet. Or, perhaps your baby is the one that is ahead of the other children. Babies develop at their own pace, and there is often little cause for concern. We have put together a list of the common milestones and when your baby is expected to achieve them.
The first month of your baby’s life is all about eating, sleeping and crying. It is a period of time where you will get to know each other and learn each other’s cues. It is a really important time for bonding, so give lots of cuddles; you cannot spoil a newborn with too much love. During this time, your baby will hit some of its first important milestones too.
Your baby will need time to develop her senses now that she is in the big wide world. Everything will be new and quite overwhelming when she has been used to the cocoon of the womb.
Sight: Your baby can focus on things within 8-12 inches of her face, but anything beyond that will be blurry. She will be particularly attracted to black and white patterns for their boldness and contrast.
Hearing: Your baby’s hearing will be fully developed in the first month and she will begin to recognise sounds. She may turn to the sound of your voice.
The first month will see your baby develop some important movements…
She will be able to lift her head. While she is upright, you will still need to support her head though
During tummy time (an important daily exercise for strength and muscle development), she will be able to turn her head to one side
Jerky arm movements should get her hands somewhere near her mouth
If you notice some of the following signs in your 1 month old, then it is a good idea to speak with your doctor:
Is having trouble latching, or not feeding well
Cannot seem to focus her eyes, or follow objects moving nearby
Does not react to loud sounds or bright lights
Seems overly floppy or stiff
You will notice that your baby is starting to do more things by her second month. This is a time when she needs plenty of love and attention. Talk to her, sing to her and spend lots of time interacting. Responding to your baby promptly when she cries will allow her to feel secure and loved.
You will notice that your baby is making a lot of gurgling and cooing sounds, she is finding her voice. Interact with her by mimicking her sounds.
Your baby will be able to hold her head up for short periods, and may be able to hold her head at a 45-degree angle.
Her other general movements will begin to become smoother and less jerky.
Your baby will have a surge forward in development by her third month. You will see that she really enjoys playtime and interacting by now. Make the most of this by playing simple games together, encouraging her grasp tendencies and read her books.
Her senses are coming along in leaps and bounds now that she has been in the wide world for three months.
Sight: Your baby will now be able to follow objects with her eyes. She will be able to focus on objects at a longer range, and will be able to recognize you from across the room. She will also intently stare at people’s faces, exploring their features and differences.
Hearing: When you speak, your baby will recognise your voice. She may also turn towards loud noises.
Sounds: Not only is your baby babbling, cooing and squealing, she may also be laughing. And showering you with the most amazing smiles that light up the room.
Your baby is beginning to gain control over her limbs and make conscious movements. Here is what you can expect:
She can hold her head steady, you no longer need to support it for her
During tummy time, she will be able to lift her head and chest. She may even be doing a mini push-up type action that is the pre-cursor for rolling over
Her hand-eye coordination is improving markedly, she may be able to bring her hands together and will get them into her mouth
She will be able to open and close her hands, so that means grasping toys, shaking them, and batting at objects that dangle down
If you hold her in a standing position, she will be able to push downwards with her legs
Your baby should be quite active by three months old, if you notice any of the following signs then we suggest you speak with your doctor:
She is unable to support her head well
Difficulty grasping objects
Does not focus on moving objects or react to loud sounds
Ignores new faces, or seems upset by unfamiliar people and places
She does not smile
It is important to remember that your baby will develop at her own pace, but if you do have any concerns, contact a medical professional.